Sterilization is considered a permanent birth control solution. It is a highly effective method of birth control.

To block the release of eggs, a doctor will cauterize Fallopian tubes, preventing the eggs' travel through the Fallopian tubes and into the uterus.

A vasectomy cauterizes the vas deferens, the tubes through which sperm travel, preventing the release of sperm.

Though sterilization can be reversed, it is not always successfully reversed.